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Map & Geographic Terms II


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What is a thematic map?
A thematic map presents information related to only one theme or topic.
What is database?
Data gained from field work and then is used to graph and map information.
What is Continental Drift?
When all contentients drift apart. They all used to fit together like a puzzle.
Map Scale
What part of a map would you use to find the distance between two points?
What is relative location and what is it most often used for?
Relative location describes a place in relation to other places around it and it is most often used for giving directions.
What is needed to find absolute location?
You need to find the latitude and longitude of a location. 45n, 60w is an example.
What is a map key used for?
It is used to understand the symbols on the map.
What are cardinal directions?
North, South, East, West
accessibility
the degree of ease with which it is possible to reach a certain location from other locations
complementarity
a condition that exists when two regions, through an exchange of raw materials and/or finished products, can specifically satisfy each other's demands
connectivity
the degree of direct linkage between one particular location and other locations in a transport network
contagious diffusion
the distance-controlled spreading of an idea, innovation, or some other item through a local population by contract from person to person
3 Underlying Assumptions: Searching for Meaning
1. Personal Invulnerability - "It won't happen to me."
30,000 yrs ago
belief in spiritual world was discovered
38th parallel
Dividing line between North and South Korea
3rd
Reduction of diversity is only allowed to satisfy vital needs
4 million dollars.
The Vanderbilt party cost them $250,000 in the late 19th century, which is how much in today's society?
-60 degrees C
What is the temperature at the top of the Troposphere?
7 billion
What is the current World population?
5 Hearths of Urbanization
Mesopotamia (3500 BCE), Nile Valley (3200 BCE), Indus Valley (2200 BCE), Huang He River Valley (1200 BCE), and Mesoamerica (200 BCE).
Arctic
extremely cold climate/long winters/short summers
California water project
Dams, pumps, and aqueducts used to transport water from Northern to Southern California; Supplies most of water to Southern California, which would otherwise be a desert biome; Degrading to Sacramento River; Reduces flushing action to San Francisco Bay
central place theory
Theory proposed by Walter Christaller that explains how and where central places in the urban hierarchy should be functionally and spatially distributed with respect to one another.
cliff
the steep, almost vertical, edge of a hill, mountain, or plain
Globalization
the expansion of economic, political, and cultural processes to the point that they become global in scale and impact
hierarchical diffusion
a form of diffusion in which an idea or innovation spreads by passing first among the most connected places or peoples
human geography
one of the two major divisions of geography; the spatial analysis of human population, its cultures, activities, and landscapes
human-environment
the second theme of geography as defined by the Geography Educational National Implementation Project; reciprocal relationship between humans and environment
independent invention
the term for a trait with many cultural hearths that developed independent of each other
intervening opportunity
the presence of a nearer opportunity that greatly diminishes the attractiveness of sites farther away
landscape
the overall appearance of an area
location theory
a logical attempt to explain the locational pattern of an economic activity and the manner in which its producing areas are interrelated
location
the first theme of geography as defined by the Geography Educational National Implementation Project; the geographical situation of people and things
medical geography
the study of health and disease within a geographic context and from a geographic perspective
movement
the fifth theme of geography as defined by the Geography Educational National Implementation Project; the mobility of people, goods, and ideas across the surface of the planet
pandemic
an outbreak of disease that spreads worldwide
pattern
the design of a spatial distribution
perceptions of place
belief or "understanding" about a place developed through books, movies, stories, or pictures
physical geography
one of the two major divisions of systematic geography; the spatial analysis of the structure, processes, and location of the Earth's natural phenomena such as climate, plants, animals, and topography
place
the fourth theme of geography as defined by the Geography Educational National Implementation Project; uniqueness of a location
political ecology
an approach to studying nature-society relations that is concerned with the ways in which environmental issues both reflect, and are the result of, the political and socioeconomic contexts in which they are situated
possibilism
geographic viewpoint—a response to determinism—that holds that human decision making, not the environment, is that crucial factor in cultural development
region
the third theme of geography as defined by the Geography Educational National Implementation Project; and area on the Earth's surface marked by a degree of formal, functional, or perceptual homogeneity of some phenomenon
relocation diffusion
sequential diffusion process in which the items being diffused are transmitted by their carrier agents as they evacuate the old areas and relocate to new ones
sense of place
state of mind derived through the infusion of a place with meaning and emotion by remembering important events that occurred in that place or by labeling a place with a certain character
sequent occupance
the notion that successive societies leave their cultural imprints on a place, each contributing to the cumulative cultural landscape
spatial distribution
physical location of geographic phenomena across space
spatial interaction
complementarity and intervening opportunity
spatial perspective
observing variations in geographic phenomena across space
spatial
pertaining to the space on the Earth's surface
stimulus diffusion
a form of diffusion in which cultural adaptation is created as a result of the introduction of a cultural trait from another place
time-distance decay
the declining degree of acceptance of an idea or innovation with increasing time and distance from its point of origin or source
Level 8