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Level 20

What is Democracy?


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Direct Democracy
A form of government in which citizens rule directly and not through representatives.
Republic
A political system in which the supreme power lies in a body of citizens who can elect people to represent them.
Representative democracy
a government in which people elect delegates tomake laws and conduct government.
Referendum
A legislative act is referred for final approval to a popular vote by the electorate
Recall
enabled voters to remove public officials from elected positions by forcing htem to face another election before their term was up.
Federalism
A system in which power is divided between the national and state governments.
Federal
National.
Decentralized
Governmental power is spread among more than one person or group.
Centralized
A federal union in which the federal government will dominate.
Majority Rule
Governance according to the expressed preferences of the majority.
Majority Tyranny
Situation in which majority uses advantage in numbers to suppress rights of minority.
Supermajority
A majority greater than a simple majority of one over half, e.g., 3/5, 2/3.
Natural Right
Right that belongs to all humans from birth, such as life, liberty, and property.
Separation of Powers
The division of power among the legislative, executive, and judicial branches of government.
Checks and Balances
A system that allows each branch of government to limit the powers of the other branches in order to prevent abuse of power.
executive branch
Branch of government that enforces the laws
legislative branch
Branch of Gov't charged with creation of new laws.
judicial branch
Branch of government that handles justice and runs the courts.
Impeach
To charge with a crime or misdemeanor.
Plutocracy
A political system governed by the wealthy people.
Theocracy
A government run by religious leaders.
oligarchy
a form of government in which a small group-landowners, military officers, or wealthy merchants-controls most of the governing decisions
autocracy
a form of government in which a single individual-a king, queen, or dictator-rules
Tyranny
Dominance through threat of punishment and violence.
Atheist
Someone who denies the existence of god.
Monotheist
A believer in one god.
Polytheist
A person who believes in more than one god.
Monogamy
Having only one spouse at a time.
Polygamy
Having more than one spouse at a time.
Veto
A vote that blocks a decision.
Cabinet
An advisory group selected by the president to aid him in making decisions.
Ambassador
A person sent to a foreign country to represent his or her government.
Civil Court
Court in which lawsuits are heard. In contrast, criminal cases are heard in criminal court.
Level 21