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Emergence of Modern America II


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Progressive Movement
created to restore economic opportunities and correct injustices in American life. Goals: protecting social welfare (soften harsh conditions of industrialization), promoting moral improvement (no drinking prohibition), creating economic reform (question economic capitalist system socialism…
Prohibition
any of several periods during which the manufacture, transportation, import, export, and sale of alcoholic beverages were restricted or illegal
Muckraker
journalists who wrote about the corrupt side of business in magazines. They rake through the muck to tell the truth.
Scientific Management
using science and data to see how quickly a task in a factory or industry could be preformed. The assembly line and doors opening a certain way.
Initiative
helped the citizen to create laws. A bill originated by the people rather than lawmakers on the ballot with a petition.
Referendum
A legislative act is referred for final approval to a popular vote by the electorate
Recall
enabled voters to remove public officials from elected positions by forcing htem to face another election before their term was up.
17th Amendment
the people were able to vote for their own nominating of senatorial candidates in direct primaries.
suffrage
the legal right to vote, extended to the African Americans by the fifteenth amendment, to women by the nineteenth amendment, and to people over the age of 18 by the twenty sixth amendment
NACW
The National Association of Colored Women managed nurseries, reading rooms, and kindergartens. Reform group.
Susan B. Anthony
(1820-1906) An early leader of the women's suffrage (right to vote) movement, co-founded the National Women's Suffrage Association with Elizabeth Cady Stnaton in 1869.
NAWSA
The National American Woman Suffrage Association. Women who were for suffrage. The liquor industry feared this so did the men and textile industry. Wanted workers and they did not want prohibition.
Upton Sinclair
a muckraker who focused on human condition in the stock yards of Chicago. He wrote in his book the Jungle about the unsanitary meat being processed.
The Jungle
a book written by Upton Sinclair on the meatpacking industry and how gross it was. Rat dung on meat, and sawdust/spit/dirt. Yum?
Theodore Roosevelt
26th President of the United States, known for: conservationism, trust-busting, Hepburn Act, safe food regulations, "Square Deal," Panama Canal, Great White Fleet, Nobel Peace Prize for negotiation of peace in Russo-Japanese War
Square Deal
Economic policy by Roosevelt that favored fair relationships between companies and workers
Meat Inspection
after Sending inspectors to meat processing plants Teddy made this law which dictated strict cleanliness requirements for meatpackers and created the program of federal meat inspection that was in use until It was replaced.
Pure Food and Drug Act
halted the sale of products that contaminated foods and medicines and called for truth in labeling. They sometimes contained drugs like opium and cocaine.
Conservation
some wilderness areas would be preserved
NAACP
National Association for the Advancement of Colored People, founded in 1909 to abolish segregation and discrimination, to oppose racism and to gain civil rights for African Americans, got Supreme Court to declare grandfather clause unconstitutional.
William Howard Taft
after running again Teddy handpicked his successor, secretary of war, William H Taft to run against William Jennings Bryan. Taft won. He was very cautious in the progressive agenda, where he consolidated rather than expa…
Payne-Aldrich Tariff
a compromise that only moderated the high rated of the Aldrich Bill (a bill that made fewer cuts and higher rates) the progressive party thought he had left the party and their ideals. Taft s…
Bull Moose Party
the new progressive party that elected Teddy as president when the Republicans split up. The democrats won because of the split
Woodrow Wilson
the democratic candidate for the election of 1912. He endorsed a progressive platform known as the new Freedom. He wanted the average citizen to have more rights, but his southern background did not allow…
Clayton Antitrust Act
sought to strengthen the Sherman Anti-Trust Act. Prohibited corporation from acquiring the stock of another if doing so would create a monopoly.
Federal Trade Commission (FTC)
an agency that was given the right to investigate possible violations of regulatory statues to require periodic reports from corporations, and to put an end to a number of unfair business practices.
Federal Reserve System
a system in which Wilson decided that the nation would be divided into 12 districts and establish a regional central bank in each district, these central banks would then serve the other banks. For loans and transfer funds.
19th amendment
removed gender qualification for voting
Queen Lilliukalani
Queen of Hawaii who peacefully surrendered to the U.S. forces who were ready to overthrow the Hawaiian monarchy. The beginning of Imperialism.
Imperialism
The policy in which countries seek to extend their economic, political or military control over weaker territories, a worldwide trend. Things that fueled American Imperialism: desire for military strength, thirst for new markets, and belief in cultural superiority.
William Seward
Secretary of state under Lincoln and Johnson who supporter American expansion. Urged the House to approve funding for the purchase of Alaska, which was bought for 2 cents per acre, people thought he was cr…
Pearl Harbor
a naval base on the Hawaii island which was used to refuel American ships.
Stanford B. Dole
the head of the government that overthrew queen Liliuokalani. President Cleveland directed that the queen be restored to her throne, but Dole said no, so Cleveland recognized it as the Republic of Hawaii unless annexa…
Jose Marti
a Cuban poet and activist for a free Cuba launched a revolution against American plantations in the country.
Valeriano Weyler
a general sent to Cuba to restore order to the revolt. He pushed the entire rural population into concentration camps, thousands died from disease and hunger.
Yellow Journalism
a type of writing displayed by William Randolph Hearst and Joseph Pulitzer that exaggerated news to lure and enrage readers.
U.S.S. Maine
a ship that the U.S sent over to Cuba to get Americans safe back home and to protect their property. It was blown up, the newspapers said the Spaniards did it, but we do not know this caused war.
George Dewey
a commodore who gave the command to open fire on the Spanish fleet in Manila, Philippines. Dewey had support from the Filipinos.
Rough Riders
a volunteer cavalry under the command of Leonard Wood and Theodore Roosevelt.
San Juan Hill
a strategically important hill that the rough riders cleared the way for an infantry attack.
Treaty of Paris
a treaty between America and Spain in which we acquired the Philippines, Guam, Cuba, and Guam.
Platt Amendment
a constitution for independent Cuba, but the U.S. insisted that Cuba add to its constitution several provisions: Cuba could not make treaties that might limit its independence or permit a foreign power to control…
Protectorate
Cuba became a country whose affairs are partially controlled by a stronger power (U.S.)
Emilio Aguinaldo
a rebel leader in the Philippines who was outraged when hearing about the Treaty of Paris. They thought the U.S. promised freedom but obviously not. Led the revolt in Philippines for freedom.
John Hay
issued a series of policy statements called the Open Door notes. They were letters addressed to the leaders of imperialist nations proposing that the nations share their trading rights with the U.S.
Panama Canal
a canal that cut across Central America, a shortcut between the Atlantic and Pacific oceans. They bought the Panama Canal after Panama declared independence from Colombia. It was considered on of the world's greatest enginee…
Roosevelt Corollary
A warning along with the Monroe doctrine that said if the Europeans mess with affairs in Latin America they might have to use force to protect its economic interests in Latin America.
Dollar Diplomacy
a policy that guaranteed loans to foreign countries by American business people, it was used most often to justify keeping European powers out of the Caribbean.
Francisco "Pancho" Villa
a rebel under the leadership of Carranza's government in Mexico, was good friends with America, and a strong nationalist. But once he heard of America recognizing the government was mad and killed 17 Americans in New Mexico, and others.
Emiliano Zapata
another rebel leader under the government who was dedicated to land reform.
John J. Pershing
a Brigadier general who went on an expeditionary force of about 15,000 soldiers into Mexico to capture Villa dead or alive.
Level 7