Level 59
Level 60

Describe the Impact of European Contact On Latin A


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Mesoamerica
the region of southern Mexico and northern Central America where the ancient Maya and Aztec lived
Yucatan Peninsula
part of Mexico where rainforest is located and where the ancient Maya lived
Tenochtitlan
the Aztec capital built on an island in Lake Texcoco in the Valley of Mexico (present-day Mexico City)
Hernan Cortes
the Spanish conquistador who encountered Montezuma and led a conquest of the Aztec
conquistadors
The Spanish who conquered Mexico and Peru in the 1500's wearing metal armor, riding horses, and using swords, guns, and cannons
hieroglyphics
a system of picture-based writing
codex
a book made from tree bark written by the Maya and Aztec
indigenous
describes the native people, plants, or animals of a region
sacrifice
the act of killing an animal or person as a part of a religious ceremony to please God or gods
temple
A building for the worship of a god or gods.
empire
A group of states or territories controlled by one ruler
Montezuma
powerful Aztec emperor who fell to Spanish conquerors
step pyramid
a structure built by the ancient Maya and Aztec that is made of many layers of steps or platforms
maize
corn; the most important crop of the Maya and Aztec
polytheistic
worshipping or believing in more than one god
astronomy
The study of the moon, stars, and other objects in space
civilization
an advanced society with a written language, law, art, trade, agriculture
ancestor
a relative who you directly come from who lived in the distant past
ruins
what is left after a building, wall, etc., has fallen to pieces
Maya
the indigenous civilization of the Yucatan peninsula, Belize, and Guatemala; highly advanced in writing, math, astronomy, & architecture
Aztec
the indigenous civilization in the Valley of Mexico led by Montezuma
Ancient
Very old
pottery
objects such as bowls, plates, cups, or vases made of clay and hardened by firing
Valley of Mexico
The region where the ancient Aztecs settled and built an empire
smallpox
A highly contagious viral disease brought by the Spanish to the Americas; killed many Aztec and Maya
Level 61