Level 75
Level 76

European Court of Justice

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The European Court of Justice
Ensures that the law is followed in the interpretation and application of the treaty and its rules.
Affects from the Treaty of Rome in 1957
Given the task of representing the EEC, ECSC, and Euratom
28 judges, one per member state, and 8 Advocates-General who assist the Court by delivering opinions in open court
The Court of First Instance
A low tribunal created in 1989 to ease the workload of the European Court of Justice (ECJ)
enforces community law
Van Gend en Loos Case 1963
ECJ established the doctrine of direct effect, which mandated that EU citizens had a legal right to expect their governments to adhere to EU obligations
Costa vs ENEL 1964
The Court established the supremacy of community law, which means that if domestic law contradicts an EU obligation, European law prevails
1979 Cassis de Dijon
Established the principle of mutual recognition-a product made or sold legally in one member state cannot be barred in another member state
Mutual Recognition
National variation in standards that could exist as long as trade was not impeded
European Central Bank (ECB)
Formulates EU's monetary policy, ensuring monetary stability, setting interest rates, issuing, and managing the Euro
Court of Auditors
28 members charged with scrutinizing the EU's budget and financial accounts
European Interest Groups
They lobby the Commission and the EP
Private Economic Interests
Represent their points of view in pan-European trade federations
Public Interest Bodies
Mostly NGOs and think tanks
Government Actors
Comprise of non-EU embassies accredited to the Union
Level 77