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Level 9

Political Theory


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nature
art is man imitating
is man
rational and most excellent work of nature
artificial man
a state is an __________ and we are imitating natures creation of man
defense
Because state is of greater stature and strength than man, its intended purpose is
nosce teipsum, read thyself
when you know yourself, you will find that men have similar thoughts and passions, if you understand how you feel you will understand how other feels -
men have similar thoughts and passions (though not
simialar objects of the passions, but we can all feel anger but we may be angry at something for different reasons
a nation
if you can govern a human you can govern
sense
the orgin of all mans though is
sense experience
For the imperisists, it's the idea that all knowledge comes from __________,
reasoning
contrast to rationalists.- who believe knowledge can come from __________.
experience it
Hobbes believes you must not just think about it but __________ it
what does "man is the measure of all things" mean? Who coined it?
men measure, not only other men, but all other things, by themselves. Protagoris
yes
has a law of nature to govern it; reason is that law
imagine
in order to choose how to behave, we __________ how to behavior before we do it.
An endeavor is
a small begginings of motion
desire
appetite is __________ towards something
aversion means
away from something
Do appetites change?
appetites will differ from person to person within the course of ones lifes, because man is constantly changing
good
any of us has certain power to obtain or get for ourselves something good
evil
Object of hate is __________, we don't desire __________
relativism
words like good evil and cotempteble used in relation to person is __________, there being nothing absolute
define pleasure and displeasure
Pleasure therefore, (or delight,) is the apparence, or sense of
displeasure
sense of evil
define deliberation
hopes and fears
Define will and willing
In deliberation, the last appetite, or aversion, immediately
felicity
pleasing and appropriate manner or style (especially manner or style of expression)
all good things for us
Together if we create one person they can obtain
instrumentals
Powers get us __________
power, no, judged by others
value or worth of a man is his price, judge by his use of __________. Is this absolute?
worth
How much you can do for someone is your
determines price
its not the seller but they buyyer who __________
satisfied, felicty
When you satisfy more appitiets you will be
greatest good
there is no utmost aim or __________ (summum bonum)
power
because cannot assume power and means to live well, without acquisition of more
death
seeking power only ceases in __________
men
religion is found only in
God
if we cant explain why something happens, it causes us to create
Why is man an inquisitive sort of create?
it is human nature to seek explinations for things, for hobbes we want to know why we are fortunate or disfortunate
nature has made man equal in faculties of bodies and minds means
everything balances out even if one is stronger than the other, the other might be stronger in mind
hope in attaning ends
from equality of ability arises equality of
Is there a way for man to secure himself?
only by getting power over others in a state of nature where there is no government
competition, fear, and glory;
man cannot last long without a government, there are three principle causes of quarrel
3 conditions of war:
: honor fear or self interest
state of war
when we are not in peace
yes because its mans nature to do evil
Did you lock your door today when you left the house?
force and fraud
what are 2 cardinal cirtues in war?
passions that incline men to peace
we want to live and we want to live better and we will be given laws of nature that will tell us how to do this
right of nature
liberty each man has to use his own power
liberty
the absence of external impediments (the liberty you have is that no one is forcing you not to do this)
Definitions: law of nature, right and law
law of nature, right is a liberty, and law is an obligation
war
Hobbes thought that the state of nature would be one of __.
second law of nature
we must give up our right to all things if others do it to, must be reciprocal and only give up as much of ones rights as anothers right
lay down a man's right to anything including
he bodies of others, there is no security though
Define renouncing vs transfering
renouncing gives it up vs transferring to someone in particular,
interest- this is how it is with humans to hobbs
Hobbes is a psychological egoist- only motive humans use when they act is self
yourself
if you renounce something it is only because of some good for __________
equal
covenants can only be entered between __________ individuals who have the power to enforce it
two ways of strengthening performance of covenant
a covenet cant give up right of self defense, or accuse oneself, or if you cant make a decision if your guilty or not if you're a suspect.covenents have a enforcement because you don't …
injustice and justice
third law of nature: in------ and -------
let you in another society
if your willing to break your covenents, then others will not trust you enough to
everyone
if laws are going to work, they must apply to
contented
this means you join a society because you see it will give you preservation and a __________ life
Are laws of nature contrary to natural passions? Covenents must be secured by the_____
yes, our passions lead us to want to kill others and break covenents but reason tells us this will not be good. Sword
because it depends on how big your enemy is
why does joining together in small numbers does not bring security
need of
commonwealth (would have peace w/o subjection
animal cannot deliberate, reason
some animals are social but there are six differences between them
only one way to erect a common power
confer all power andvstrength on one man (or one assembly), that reduces alltheir wills, by plurality of voices, unto one will this creates a soveirghn
Level 10