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Level 10

Post War Rights & Freedoms Assessment


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native title
The right to land of indigenous Australians recognized in law by their traditional and spiritual ownership of it
reconciliation
A settlement of a controversy or disagreement
self-determination
The right of people to control their own lives and choose their own form of government
stolen generations
refers to Aboriginal children who were removed from their families and communities by government or non-government agencies in order to enforce intergration into society; the practice continued in some areas untill the 1970s
tent embassy
26th January 1972, a number of Aboriginal people set up tents on Parliament lawn to promote indigenous rights
Mabo decision
The High Court of Australia decided that Australia WAS NOT Terra Nullius and that that the Torres Strait Islands had been continually inhabited by the Meriam people
Wik decision
High Court of Australia decided that Native Title could exist side by side with the rights of farmers, but when farmers and Aboriginal rights were in conflict, the farmers rights would prevail.
Native Title Act 1993
Australian federal legislation that recognises the existance of Aboriginal native title in Australian federal law and the native title rights of Aboriginal people
Aboriginal Land Rights Act 1976
1976 Act to legally recognise the Aboriginal system of land ownership and put into law the concept of inalienable freehold title.
Wave Hill Gurindji walk-off
In 1966 Vincent Lingiari led Aboriginal stockmen and Aboriginal families to strike and walk-off from a cattle-station in the Northern Territory
Bringing them home Report
A report of 1997 which gave insight into the experiences of the Stolen Generation. It gave reason for Aboriginal people to call for a National Apology for past injustices.
The Apology
In 2009, PM Kevin Rudd delivered an apology to the Stolen Generations and promised a turning point in the Commonwealth government's relationship with Indigenous Australians.
Noongar decision
In 2009, The Federal Court ruled in favour of the Noongar people's claim to native title within the Perth metropolitan area
Vincent Lingiari
Led the Gurindji Wave Hill walk-off and strike in 1966 and protested for the Gurindji people's land rights. In 1975 was handed some soil from the land and given a lease to the Gurindji …
Bark petition
In 1963, the Yolngu people of Arnhem Land sent a petition to the Federal parliament protesting a decision to grant mining rights on their land and within sacred sites.
sacred sites
Place or space people infuse with religious meaning.
census
A periodic and official count of a country's population.
Torres Strait
A strait between north-eastern Australia and southern New Guinea that connects the Coral Sea with the Arafura Sea.
Charles Perkins
An Indigenous man who rose to be the leader of the Freedom Ride and a Head of the Commonwealth Department of Aboriginal Affairs.
The Intervention
In 2007, the Commonwealth Government sent troops and public servants into Northern Territory Aboriginal communities to protect children
Woodward Royal Commission
A 1974 Aboriginal Land Rights enquiry recommending a formula for recognizing land rights of indigenous peoples.
Eddie Mabo
Led a court case challenging the governments right to restrict the use of his traditional land. The High Court found that the Indigenous people of Mer Island had native title rights over their land…
Sorry day
From 26 May 1998 a day to acknowledge the past wrongs against Aboriginal peoples.
Walk for Reconciliation
Over 200,000 Australians walked over the Sydney Harbour Bridge to promote reconciliation of black and white Australians in 2000.
assassination
the murder of an important political or religious figure
Black Panthers
a militant political party whose members patrolled black communities to protect their residents from abuses of police power
Black Power
a movement promoting African Americans' control of their own political and cultural organisations with the goals of promoting pride in their race and achieving equality
Civil Rights Movement (USA)
a program of protest and civil disobedience undertaken by African Americans and their supporters in the 1950s and 1960s to overcome racist policies that denied them their civil rights
Crown land
land belonging to the government
desegregate
to remove segregation of public places and organisations
Jim Crow laws
laws that enforced segregation between whites and blacks in transport and public facilities and even outlawed marriage between the two racial groups
Ku Klux Klan
a secret society that opposed civil rights, particularly suffrage, for African Americans. They used violence and terror against African Americans. They wore robes and masks to hide their identities, and they sometimes murdered anyone…
referendum
a vote in which the people are asked whether they agree to a proposed law, change to a law or a change to Australia's Constitution
segregation
the policy of separating racial groups so that whites could retain power over African Americans
terra nullius
Latin term meaning 'the land of no-one
Civil disobedience
A campaign which refuses to obey laws that are considered unjust
Protectionism
A government policy during the second half of the 1800s and into the early 1900s that involved the control of people's lives and removal of indigenous people from their traditional lands into reserves or missions
Integration
A policy that allows races to join together in public places, participate equally and merge with mainstream Australian society without abandoning their culture
Practical reconciliation
Prime Minister John Howards policy which focused on Indigenous people gaining equality in health, education and living standards without apologizing for past injustices
Aboriginal Tent Embassy
Aboriginal people erected the Tent Embassy in 1972 in Canberra to protest against a court decision over mining operations on Aboriginal land
Level 11