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Origins of WWI


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International Relations is...
... a field of political science that studies relationships among countries, the roles of sovereign states, inter-governmental organizations, international non-governmental organizations, non-governmental organizations, and multinational corporations.
Triple Alliance
secret and defensive alliance between Italy, Germany and Austria-Hungary
Alsace and Lorraine
border provinces lost by France to Germany in the Franco-Prussian War
200 million francs
amount of reparations France had to pay to Germany after losing the Franco-Prussian War
splendid isolation
Britain's foreign policy around 1900
place in the sun
Kaiser Wilhelm II's dream of an economically and military strong Germany with a big empire
1861
Italian unification
1871
German unification
1879
Germany and Austria-Hungary form Dual Alliance
1882
Italy, Germany and Austria-Hungary form Triple Alliance
1894
France and Russia form Franco-Russian Dual Alliance
1904
Britain and France form Anglo-French Entente Cordiale
1907
Britain and Russia form Anglo-Russian Entente
Franco-Russian Dual Alliance
France and Russia agreed to support each other in case of a German attack
Anglo-French Entente Cordiale
friendly agreement between Britain and France guaranteeing that Britain and France would be in good terms and would not quarrel over ownership of colonies
Anglo-Russian Entente
friendly agreement between Britain and Russia to forge a political alliance in fear of the growing strength and influence of Germany
1905-1906
First Moroccan Crisis
1906
both Britain and Germany begin building Dreadnoughts
1911
Agadir Crisis - Second Moroccan Crisis
Panther
name of the German gunship sent to Agadir by the German Kaiser to challenge the French occupation of Morocco
100 000 square miles of the French Kongo
compensation received by Germany after Agadir Crisis (mostly swampland and jungle)
1908-1909
Bosnian Crisis
1908
Bosnia is annexed by Austria-Hungary - annexation is opposed by Serbia which is supported by Russia
1909
Germany refuses to agree on a set number of Dreadnoughts they would build
1906-1914
Naval Race
1898
Germany begins to build up their navy - Britain sees this as an attempt to challenge their naval superiority
Dreadnoughts
battleships easily superior to older models
1900-1914
build-up of armies
build-up of armies
military leaders had the opinion that the only way to ensure peace was to have an army strong enough to prevent an invasion from another country - this view was supported by manufacturers who …
by 1914
every European country apart form Britain had increased the size of their army and introduced conscription
6 July 1914
Germany gives Austria-Hungary blank cheque
blank cheque
guarantee of almost unconditional support in any war arising from its dealings with Serbia given by Germany to Austria-Hungary
28 June 1914
Assassination of Archduke Franz Ferdinand
The Black Hand
Serbian nationalist terrorist group which opposed the annexation of Bosnia in 1908 and wanted to unite all Balkan Slavs
Sarajevo
capital of Bosnia
Franz Ferdinand
Archduke of Austria-Hungary
Sophie, Duchess of Hohenberg
wife of Franz Ferdinand
23 July 1914
Austria-Hungary issues an ultimatum to Serbia
28 July 1914
Austria-Hungary declares war on Serbia
30 July 1914
Russia mobilises their army without consulting Britain or France
1 August 1914
Germany declares war on Russia
3 August 1914
Germany declares war on France and launches Schlieffen Plan
1905
Schlieffen Plan is developed by Alfred von Schlieffen
1839
Treaty of London
4 August 1914
Britain declares war on Germany to support Belgium
5 August 1914
Austria-Hungary declares war on Russia
Level 3