Level 20
Level 21

From the Cold War to the War On Terror


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Third World
Also known as developing nations; nations outside the capitalist industrial nations of the first world and the industrialized communist nations of the second world; generally less economically powerful, but with varied economies.
Superpower
Nations with enough military, political, and economic strength to influence events in many areas around the globe
Unipolarity
a distribution of power internationally in which there is clearly one dominant pr "pole". Some analysts argue that the international system became unipolar in the 1990s since there was no longer any rival to American power
National interest
a country determining its involvement in world affairs based on the outcome or benefits it receives
Weapons of mass destruction
Biological, chemical, or nuclear weapons that can cause a massive number of deaths in a single use.
War on Terror
After 9/11, President George W. Bush declared a worldwide "war on terrorism" aimed at defeating international terrorist organizations, destroying terrorist training camps, and bringing terrorists themselves to justice.
Iraq War (2003)
Military campaign in 2003 in which the US, unable to gain approval by the UN, unilaterally occupied Iraq and removed dictator Saddam Hussein from power.
Theocracy
a state based on religion
Jihad
A holy struggle or striving by a Muslim for a moral or spiritual or political goal.
Hugo Grotius
Dutch lawyer (1583- 1645). Wrote that natural law should govern politics, not Scripture or religious authority. Wrote "the Laws or War and Peace", suggesting that international conventions should govern treatment of POW's, civilians and …
Mandate
A command or authorization to act in a particular way on a public issue given by the electorate to its representative.
Twenty Years' Crisis
book written by E.C Carr, written before the WWI, founding text of classical realism
MAD
A situation in which neither state can attack another without suffering dame from a catastrophic retaliatory strike. MAD is an important concept in Dr. Strangelove and in the Cold War, which involves the importanc…
Gorbachev
Leader of the Soviet Union from 1985 to 1991. Wanting reform, he renounced the Brezhnev Doctrine, pulled troops out of Afghanastan, supported Glasnost, and urged perestroika; but all this failed.
Star Wars (SDI)
Reagan's defensive program; laser beams and satellites would shoot down USSR missiles
Axis of evil
Created in 2002 by George W. Bush to show the "bad guys" which include: Iran, Iraq, and N. Korea
Transnational
A company that conducts research, operates factories, and sells products in many countries, not just where its headquarters or shareholders are located.
Nation-state
A state whose territory corresponds to that occupied by a particular ethnicity that has been transformed into a nationality
International organization
An alliance of two or more countries seeking cooperation with each other without giving up either's autonomy or self-determination.
Global governance
Collective actions taken to establish international institutions and norms to deal with national and global issues
Level 22