Level 23
Level 24

World At the Beginning of the Twentieth Century


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anarchism
an ideology that argues a society can be run without rules or a government and that the abolition of these things will lead to freedom, equality and justice
anti-Semitism
hostility or hatred towards Jewish people
autocracy
absolute rule or government by one person
Capitalism
An economic system based on private ownership of capital
Communism
a political and economic system in which all wealth and property are shared to eliminate exploitation, oppression, and the need for political institutions
conservatism
opposition to radical change with a tendency to support existing institutions
democracy
government in which leaders rule with consent of the citizens
feminism
a doctrine or movement advocating equal rights for women in social and political life
ideology
a framework of beliefs that guides actions
Imperialism
European countries took over territories in Asia and Africa in the 1800s and used them for resources and wealth.
industrialisation
the process of moving towards large-scale mechanised industry, usually accompanied by urbanisation, rather than agriculture, crafts and trading
liberal democracy
a form of democracy where majority rule is underpinned by liberal rights such as freedom of speech, assembly and religious beliefs, and the right to private property, privacy and due legal process
Liberalism
A perspective that stresses the importance of cooperation, coordination, and non-violent modes of conflict resolution. Liberalism is important because it includes three main assumptions, including 1)States as primary actors, 2) states represent societal interests…
Marxism
a political and economic theory that called for the abolition of private property and emphasised the role of the state in providing work and benefits for all leading eventually to a socialist order and a classless society
Militarism
s "the belief or desire of a government or people that a country should maintain a strong military capability and be prepared to use it aggressively to defend or promote national interests."[1][2] It may …
Nationalism
appealed to many Germans; the German Confederation, led by Austria, some areas of Czechoslovakia and Poland
Revolution
Marx says this will happen when the proletariat become dissatisfied
sectarianism
the reinforcement of divisions between religious groups
Totalitarianism
A form of government in which the ruler is an absolute dictator (not restricted by a constitution or laws or opposition etc.)
urbanisation
a process, usually accompanied by industrialisation, where people move from traditional life in the countryside to towns and cities
Level 25