Level 43
Level 44

World's People


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culture
Huntington Values/Threats
ethnic group
people who share a common history, language, religion, and physical characteristics
dialect
local form of a language that differs from the main language in pronunciation or the meaning of the words
democracy
government in which leaders rule with consent of the citizens
dictatorship
government under the control of one all-powerful leader
monarchy
form of government in which a king or queen inherits the right to rule
cultural diffusion
the process of spreading new knowledge and skills to other cultures
civilization
a highly developed culture
culture region
different countries that have cultural traits in common
death rate
number of people out of every 1,000 who die in a year
birthrate
number of children born each year for every 1,000 people
famine
lack of food
population density
average number of people living a square mile or square kilometer
urbanization
movement to cities
emigrate
to move to another country
refugee
person who flees to another country to escape persecution or disaster
natural resource
product of the earth that people use to meet their needs
renewable resource
natural resource that cannot be used up or can be replaced naturally or grown
nonrenewable resource
natural resource such as minerals that cannot be replaced
economic system
system that sets rules for how people decide what goods and services to produce and how they are exchanged
export
to trade goods to other countries
import
to buy goods from another country
Tariff
A government tax on imports or exports
quota
A limit placed on the quantities of a product that can be imported
free trade
: takes place between countries when there are no barriers to trade put in place by governments or international organizations. Goods and services are allowed to move freely between countries.
developed country
country in which a great deal of manufacturing is carried out
developing country
country that is working toward industrialization
rights
benefits and protections guaranteed by law
responsibilities
duties owed by citizens to their government and other citizens
interdependence
dependence of countries on one another for goods, raw materials to make goods, and markets in which to sell goods
globalization
development of a world culture and an interdependent world economy
Level 45