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A nation's external goals and the techniques and strategies used to achieve them.
The art or practice of conducting foreign relations through discussion and negotiation.
Assistance to other nations in the form of grants, loans, or credits to buy the assisting nation's products.
The practice of sending experts in such areas as agriculture, engineering, or business to aid other nations.
Foreign Policy Process
The steps by which foreign policy goals are decided and acted on.
National Security Policy
Foreign and domestic policy designed to protect the nation's independence and political and economic integrity; policy that is concerned with the safety and defense of the nation.
A subset of national security policy concerning the U.S. armed forces.
A philosophy that views nations as normally willing to cooperate and to agree on moral standards for conduct.
A philosophy that views each nation as acting principally in its own interest.
A conflict that was between the US and the Soviet Union. The nations never directly confronted each other on the battlefield but deadly threats went on for years.
Normal Trade Relations (NTR) Status
A status granted through an international treaty by which each member nation must treat other members as well as it treats the country that receives its most favorable treatment. This status was formerly known as most-favored-nation status.
Citizens who openly oppose the government's policies.
The government agencies that gather information about the capabilities and intentions of foreign governments or that engage in covert actions.
A policy statement made by President James Monroe in 1823, which set out three principles: 1) European nations should not establish new colonies in the Western Hemisphere, 2) European nations should not intervene in…
Isolationist Foreign Policy
A policy of abstaining from an active role in international affairs or alliances, which characterized U.S. foreign policy toward Europe during most of the 1800s.
The Soviet Union and the Eastern European countries that installed Communist regimes after World War II and that were dominated by the Soviet Union.
A U.S. diplomatic policy adopted by the Truman administration to contain Communist power within its existing boundaries.
1947, President Truman's policy of providing economic and military aid to any country threatened by communism or totalitarian ideology, mainly helped Greece and Turkey
A French word meaning a relaxation of tensions. The term characterized U.S. Soviet relations as they developed under President Richard Nixon and Secretary of State Henry Kissinger.
Strategic Arms Limitation Treaty (SALT II)
A treaty between the United States and the Soviet Union to stabilize the nuclear arms competition between the two countries, SALT I talks began in 1969, and agreements were signed on May 26, 1972.