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International Organisation & Theories


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Social Constructivism
UN as constructor of the world; individuals construct states
English School
UN as governor of society of states
Neoliberal Institutionalism
Deals with the issues of international cooperation
Realism
A perspective that stresses the importance of self-help, power, and the competitiveness of states in an anarchical international system. This is important in international relations because realism includes Structural Realists, like Waltz, and Classical Realists like Morgenthau.
Critical
World orders do not work though coercion alone, requires a form of legitimation
REALIST (Barnett and Finnemore: 2008)
UN as a tool of the great powers
UN as facilitator of interstate cooperation
NEO-LIBERAL INSTITUTIONALISM (Barnett and Finnemore: 2008)
ENGLISH SCHOOL (Barnett and Finnemore: 2008)
UN as a governor of society of states
UN as constructor of social world
SOCIAL CONSTRUCTIVISM (Barnett and Finnemore: 2008)
CRITICAL (Barnett and Finnemore: 2008)
UN as a structure of legitimation
Organizations
have agency (power):
(organizations)
long viewed as actors providing international collective and/or redistribution goods
(organizations)
come to regulate many of the social, political and economic problems
(lecture definition of organizations)
international social institution that are collective or corporate actors and can cover several issue areas of IR
(Regimes)
70's gave rise to study of regimes, defined as:
(lecture definition of regimes)
implicit or explicit principles, norms, rules and decisions making procedures around which actors expectations converge in a given area of international relations
Institutions
a set of rules meant to govern international behavior
(institutions)
rules, in turn, are often conceived as statements that forbid, require or permit particular kinds of actions
(neo-realist that doesn't believe in institutions, ironically)
sets of rules that stipulate the ways in which states should cooperate and compete with each other
(lecture definition of institutions)
persistent and connected sets of rules (formal and informal) that prescribe behavior of roles, constrain activity and shape expectations
International Organizations as Actors
independent actors/separate from states
forum for discussion
International Organizations as Fora
Millennium Development Goals (2000)
8 international development goals
INGOS
International nongovernmental organization
IGOS
International governmental organization
Neorealism
Kenneth Waltz
Morgenthau
A classical realist who believed that the goal of states is the accumulation of power. Morgenthau is important because he offers a different perspective than Waltz, a structural realist, who felt that the goa…
Keohane
Neoliberalism
Wendt
Constructivism
Bull
Engish School
Level 6