Level 51
Level 52

Responses to Classical Liberalism


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democratic socialism
A form of government or ideology of a political party that guarantees civil liberties such as freedom of speech and religion. The government owns key industries and takes an active role in regulating the econ…
utopian socialism
the idea of a perfect living place, supported by Robert Owen, where everyone would be economically equal and cooperative. A community in which people were relatively equal economically and were treated fairly by an employer.
proletariat
Karl Marx's term for the working class. Those he felt were exploited by the capitalists.
Communism
a political and economic system in which all wealth and property are shared to eliminate exploitation, oppression, and the need for political institutions
bourgeoisie
Enemy of the working class according to Karl Marx.
Class Struggle
conflict between social or economic classes (especially between the capitalist and proletariat classes)
Marxism
a political and economic theory that called for the abolition of private property and emphasised the role of the state in providing work and benefits for all leading eventually to a socialist order and a classless society
Owen
British industrialist and philanthropist. Built a mill at New Lanark, Scotland to prove his theory that the environment and education could foster cooperation. Dreamed to establish a socialist community. Created his community of New Harmony which failed.
Marx
The revolutionary who wrote in the 1800s during the Industrial Revolution and advocated a working class revolution to stop capitalists from growing richer and from the gap between rich and poor widening so greatly.
NDP
Canada's moderate socialist political party and our official opposition.
Labour Party
British political party founded in 1900 with the help of trade unions to represent the interests of the urban working class. Currently the UK's official opposition.
Luddism
Ideology of 19th-century English textile artisans who violently protested against the machinery by destroying the frames and power looms introduced during the Industrial Revolution that made it possible to replace them with less-skilled, low-wage labour…
Chartist
In 19th century Britain where members of the working class demanded reforms in Parliament and in elections, including suffrage for all men and pay for Members of Parliament so it could be affordable for working class men.
suffrage
Right to vote
suffragettes
People who campaigned for women's right to vote in the late 1800's and early 1900's. Involved in protests and disruptive activities to gain attention for their cause.
feminism
a doctrine or movement advocating equal rights for women in social and political life
command economy
An economic system controlled by centralized government and its hierarchy of departments. Consumer demand does not determine production or sale rather the government decides what, how much, for whom and all other variables in produc…
Factory Acts
Passed by British Parliament in 1819. Forbade employment of children under nine. Limited work day of children over nine to 12 hours. Banned employment of women/children in mining and required that factories maintain a basic standard of cleanliness.
labour union
an organization of workers that acts to protect workers' rights and interests
Laissez Faire
Allowing business to operate with little or no government interference.
Level 53