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Questions about the impact of modernisation were asked from 1950s, and dependency perspectives took hold in the 1960s and 70s partly due to revolutionary atmosphere of the period. Initially heavily influenced by Marxism. Criticised …
Key premises of dependency theories
Dev in the N and W could only be sustained by the active under-dev of the global south. Global south acted as a source of raw materials and cheap labour. Theorists viewed aid and…
The aid complex
Multi- billion organisations even though charitable organisations. Aid as big business (world vision), 50 largest US donors have assets over $150 billion.
Charity with Interest
Simon Chesterman 'You the People'. Aid is not 'free money.' Suggests that aid comes with strings attached and reflect strategic motives of donors. Difficult to state that recipients benefit most. e.g. UN mission in Kosovo(UN…
Aid and the Security Sector
Donors can skew SSR towards their strategic interests e.g. USAID and counter-terrorism. Some sectors of security system are over-dev at expense of others e.g. SA; policing and law reform at expense of prisons.
Raul Prebisch; v critical of dev policy in L America. UN eco commission for L A trade processes in dev countries rigged in favour of the centre.
Issues with Dependency theory
By mid 1970s dependency had fallen out of favour. Despite analytical excellence, could not link theory to practice.