Level 21
Level 22

Unit 12 - Nature


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agriculture
(n) the work, business or study of farming
appreciate
(v) 1. to understand the true nature of a situation, and realise why it is impotant or serious 2. to be grateful for something
catastrophe
(n) an event that causes a lot of damage or makes a lot of people suffer
crop
(n) a plant grown for food, usually on a farm
drought
(n) a long period of time when there is little or no rain and crops die
evacuate
(v) to leave a building or other place because it is not safe
exploit
(v) 1. to use natural resources such as trees, water or oil so that you gain as much as possible 2. to treat someone unfairly in order to get some benefit for yourself
famine
(n) a serious lack of food that continues for a long time and causes many people in a country to become ill or die
flood
1. (v) if water floods a place, it covers it 2. (n) a large amount of water that covers an area that was dry before
fossil fuels
(n phr) fuels such as coal or oil, made from decayed material from animals or plants that lived many thousands of years ago
global warming
(n phr) an increase in the average temperature of the Earth
greenery
(n) green plants that are growing somewhere or used as decoration
habitat
(n) the type of place that an animal normally lives in or a plant normally grows in
harvest
1. (v) to collect a crop from the fields 2. (n) the time when a crop is collected
hurricane
(n) a violent storm with extremely strong winds and heavy rain
instinct
(n) a natural tendency to behave in a particular way that people and animals are born with and that they obey without knowing why
natural disaster
(n phr) something very bad that happens and causes a lot of damage or kills a lot of people
resource
(n) things such as coal, trees and oil that exist in nature and can be used by people
scarce
(adj) if something is scarce, there is not very much of it
species
(n) a plant or animal group whose members all have similar general features and are able to produce young plants or animals together
Level 23