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White Wine (1 - 10) - Essentials


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Chardonnay
Considered the queen of white wine grapes, this wine is grown widely in many of the regions mentioned above. It is a very versatile grape whose character reflects its growing region and production process. Of all the white wine types, this wine produces the most complex wines in the world. Most of these wines are full, golden and velvety with hints of fruit, nuts, butter, oak, spice or vanilla and have medium to high acidity.
Chenin Blanc
Has been cultivated for thousands of years in the Loire Valley of France. It is grown widely in California where it is the grape used in many jug wines or inexpensive table wines. This wine has higher than average acidity. The character of this wine can be difficult to define, but it generally is light and fruity.
Gewurztraminer
Literally translated as "spicy", this wine is grown primarily in Germany and in the Alsace region of France where the cooler climate allows it to ripen fully. It has a light, crisp acidity and a bold flavor.
Pinot Gris/Pinot Grigio
This grape's character will vary depending upon its growing region. European version of this wine tends to be more acidic with less body than its American counterpart. All of these wines possess a citrus aroma.
Riesling
The most notable white wine grape from Germany, is also grown in France's Alcase region and in New York's Finger Lakes District. It is grown in California and Washington, although with less frequency. Riesling has medium to high acidity and light to medium body with a distinct flowery, fruity aroma.
Sauvignon Blanc
Also known as Fumé Blanc, is grown in the Bordeaux and Loire regions of France, and in California, New Zealand and South Africa. It is characterized by a light, crisp acidity. It will often contain several fruit components and is frequently blended with Semillion from the Bordeaux region of France.
Semillon
Is one of the more unique types of white wine. It rarely stand alone and is frequently blended with Sauvignon Blanc. It can also be very rich, making a favorable dessert wine.
Viognier
Is grown primarily in the Rhone region of France and in California. It has low to moderate acidity with hints of peach and apricot, and without the flowery aromas of some other white wines.
Pinot Blanc/Pinot Bianco
Typically a medium-dry to dry white wine originally from the Alsace region of France. Generally oak is not used in the maturation process. This wine is a lighter flavored white wine with citrus, melon, pear, apricot and perhaps smokey or mineral undertones combined with characteristic high acidity.
Gruner-Veltliner
Is Austria's dominant white wine grape varietal. The most widely planted and the country's most important grape. This grape enjoys higher acidity levels and is known to put forth an inviting range of aromas from fresh, green apple to juicy tropical fruit and from white pepper to mineral-laden nuances on the nose. This wine is typically a medium-bodied wine that can cover the spectrum of dry to off-dry in style. This wine can also cover the gamut from being made in an easy going, quaffing style of wine or turned up to a wine of serious complexity with an encompassing elegance and built for long term aging.
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